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Confucius celebration in Beijing


Date: 9/29/2010

孔子诞辰2561周年  北京举行1949年以来首个祭孔大典

(2010-09-29)

  (北京综合讯)昨天是中国古代先贤孔子诞辰2561周年纪念日,中国各地举行纪念活动,首都北京也举行自1949年以来的首次祭孔大典。北京大学、清华大学等校的四名学者日前联合发出倡议,希望将孔子的诞辰日,也就是每年的9月28日设定为“尊师日”。

  据报道,两岸的师生联合祭孔大典仪式昨天上午在位于北京东城区国子监街的国子监孔庙举行,来自台湾和北京的两岸师生共计500人,共同祭奠孔子,弘扬中华传统文化。

   1949年后,虽然台湾一直未中断尊孔、祭孔,在中国大陆,孔子却因为被视为封建文化代表人物而遭中共当局禁止一切的祭祀、纪念活动,一直到上世纪90 年代,孔子故里山东曲阜才恢复举行祭孔大典,中国大陆政府近年更在海外大建开展汉语教学为主要活动内容的“孔子学院”,但作为首都的北京在昨天以前从未举 行类似的仪式。

  法新社说,北京孔庙昨天举行的两岸师生联合祭孔大典保安森严,只对媒体开放,却禁止公众参与。

  穿上传统礼服的年轻志愿者——主要是北京人民大学的学生——在陪祭官的引导下,在大成殿上行四拜礼与祭孔仪式,重现了西周以来的古老祭祀文化。

  北京孔庙建于1302年,是曲阜以外最大的孔庙。

  曲阜、台北市孔庙也举行祭孔大典,仪式从清晨5点的家祭开始。5点30分,台湾民众正式入场。6点,纪念孔子诞辰2561周年的释奠礼典礼正式举行。孔子第79代裔孙孔垂长担任奉祀官,台北市长郝龙斌担任正献官,总统马英九也率相关部门负责人出席典礼。

  此外,在河北、长春、广西柳州、乌鲁木齐等地,也有不同形式的纪念活动。

  据《山东商报》报道,四名 学者日前联合发出倡议,希望将孔子的诞辰日,也就是每年的9月28日设定为“尊师日”。他们是:北京大学高等人文研究院院长杜维明;清华大学国学院院长陈来;武汉大学国学院院长郭齐勇;中国孔子研究院院长、曲阜师范大学教授杨朝明。

   陈来和郭齐勇教授表示,尊师重教是中华民族的优良传统,设立“尊师日”一方面是为了纪念孔子诞辰,另一方面也是在宣传这种尊师重教的美德。杜维明教授则 表示,“尊师日”的设立,并非要取代传统的教师节,这两者并不冲突。在他看来,孔子是一名教师,一生培养弟子无数,但他不是职业化意义的教师,所以“尊师 日”不只是“尊孔日”,而是通过对孔子的认识和体悟,以发扬尊师重道的普世价值。

  不过,对于“尊师日”的设与不设,社会各界反应不一。有人认为,尊师日与教师节有重复的嫌疑。

  近年来,有着2000多年历史的儒学再一次焕发出生命力。中国社科院文史哲学部副主任李景源说,国学热和儒学热就不仅仅是一种学术现象和文化现象,而是构成中国发展道路的重要组成部分。

  中国社会科学院常务副院长王伟光表示,儒家思想是为了应对春秋时期社会交替、“礼崩乐坏”的局面下产生的,它兼容并蓄,传承不断,其精华是中华民族的核心内容。

Beijing celebrates Confucius birth for first time in decades

(AFP) – 1 day ago

BEIJING — Beijing on Tuesday celebrated the anniversary of the birth of ancient philosopher Confucius for the first time since the founding of communist China, in a ceremony that included delegates from Taiwan.

The event took place at the Confucius temple in the city's historic Guozijian quarter in honour of China's most famous philosopher, born in 551 BC, whose influence is on the rise again after being suppressed under Mao Zedong.

Long banned by the communist regime which considered Confucianism a feudal belief, this tradition was only officially reinstated in the 1990s in Qufu, birthplace of the Chinese thinker -- but never in Beijing.

The ceremony -- placed under high security and closed to the public but not to reporters -- included Chinese officials alongside a delegation from Taiwan, once China's bitter foe, where Confucianism has always been celebrated.

China and Taiwan split in 1949 and Beijing considers the self-ruled island as part of its territory awaiting reunification, by force if necessary. But ties between the two have improved in recent years.

The ceremony also included 500 young volunteers, most of whom were students at Beijing's Renmin University. Wearing traditional costumes, they performed the body movements that always accompanied the reading of Confucian texts.

The temple was built in 1302 and then extended under the Ming and Qing dynasties. It is the second largest Confucian temple in China after the one in Qufu, in the eastern province of Shandong.

Considered a state religion under the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) but later banned under revolutionary leader Mao, Confucianism -- which calls for ruling by virtue and government morality -- seems to have been completely reinstated in China.

Confucius Institutes, which aim to promote the Chinese language and culture, have been established around the world.

In January, the biopic "Confucius" starring Hong Kong action movie star Chow Yun-fat attempted to rival "Avatar", the Hollywood blockbuster that was kicked out of some theatres to make way for the Chinese film -- without much success.

Copyright © 2010 AFP. All rights reserved.


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